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ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year : 2011  |  Volume : 19  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 42-48

Pattern of burn injury in the rural part of central India


Department of Forensic Medicine and Toxicology. MGIMS, Sevagram, Wardha, India

Correspondence Address:
Pravin R Zopate
Assistant Professor, Dept of Forensic Medicine and Toxicology. MGIMS, Sevagram, Wardha. Maharashtra
India
Pravin R Zopate
Assistant Professor, Dept of Forensic Medicine and Toxicology. MGIMS, Sevagram, Wardha. Maharashtra
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


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Background: In India, burn is the second most common cause of accidental injury. Only limited studies have evaluated the pattern of burn injury in the rural part of India. Aim: To evaluate prospectively the patterns of burn injury in the rural hospital situated in the central part of India. Study design: The consecutive 343 cases of burns admitted in our hospital were analyzed prospectively to review the scenario of burn over a period of two and half years. Results: The study revealed female (68.81%) predominance with female to male ratio of 2.2:1. Most of the victims of burn were between the ages of 21 to 30 years. Married (69%) outnumbered unmarried. Out of total female victims' majority were Hindus, illiterate and housewives. The domestic burn was common with Kerosene stove with kerosene being the main accelerant. Mortality was directly proportional to the total body surface area (TBSA) involved. Shock was the commonest cause of deaths occurring within 48 hours of burn injury while it was septicemia in cases of deaths occurring after three days. Conclusion: The young married females were the commonest victims of burn injury. Knowing this the government and other social organizations need to put in efforts for running the prevention and education programs against burn injuries.


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