Home Print this page Email this page Users Online: 194
Home About us Editorial board Search Ahead of print Current issue Archives Submit article Instructions Subscribe Contacts Login 
ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year : 2016  |  Volume : 24  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 69-73

An appraisal of antibiotic sensitivity pattern and drug utilization in burn patients


1 Department of Pharmacy Practice, Manipal College of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Manipal University, Manipal, Udupi, Karnataka, India
2 Department of Plastic Surgery, Kasturba Medical College, Manipal University, Manipal, Udupi, Karnataka, India

Correspondence Address:
Vijayanarayana Kunhikatta
Department of Pharmacy Practice, Manipal College of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Manipal University, Manipal - 576 104, Udupi, Karnataka
India
Login to access the Email id

Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/0971-653X.195534

Rights and Permissions

Aim: To analyze the antibiotic sensitivity and resistance pattern and antibiotic consumption in defined daily dose (DDD)/100 bed days (BD). Materials and Methods: Burns patients admitted from January 2013 to December 2013 were identified retrospectively from medical record department registry using the International Classification of Diseases-(ICD) Codes T 30.1-39.9. Patient demographics, total body surface area (TBSA) of burn, treatment chart, hospitalization days, and antibiotic sensitivity/resistance profile were recorded. Cumulative sensitivity/resistance pattern of isolated microorganisms against various antibiotics was calculated (in percentage) from culture sensitivity reports. Total use of antibiotics in burn patients was calculated as DDD/100 BD using antibiotic consumption calculator-WHO ABC Calc version 3.1. Results: Of total 159 burn patients, the main cause of burns in these patients was thermal (81.8%). Cefoperazone-sulbactam (54.7%) was the most frequently prescribed antibiotic followed by amoxicillin-clavulanic acid (34%). Totally, 82 bacterial isolates were obtained, among which Pseudomonas aeruginosa (31.6%) was the most common organism. P. aeruginosa was sensitive to rifampicin and erythromycin but resistant to clindamycin. The DDD/100 BD was highest for parenteral cefoperazone (40.21). Conclusion: Proper antibiogram and DDD will facilitate conceptualizing and developing drug policies for improved patient outcomes in burns.


[FULL TEXT] [PDF]*
Print this article     Email this article
 Next article
 Previous article
 Table of Contents

 Similar in PUBMED
   Search Pubmed for
   Search in Google Scholar for
 Related articles
 Citation Manager
 Access Statistics
 Reader Comments
 Email Alert *
 Add to My List *
 * Requires registration (Free)
 

 Article Access Statistics
    Viewed1442    
    Printed18    
    Emailed0    
    PDF Downloaded66    
    Comments [Add]    

Recommend this journal