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ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year : 2018  |  Volume : 26  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 83-86

Acid attack on women: A new face of gender-based violence in India


1 Department of Forensic Medicine and Toxicology, King George's Medical University, Lucknow, Uttar Pradesh, India
2 Department of Plastic Surgery, King George's Medical University, Lucknow, Uttar Pradesh, India
3 Department of Forensic Medicine and Toxicology, Era's Lucknow Medical College and Hospital, Lucknow, Uttar Pradesh, India

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Raghvendra Singh
Department of Forensic Medicine and Toxicology, Era's Lucknow Medical College and Hospital, Lucknow, Uttar Pradesh
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/ijb.ijb_13_18

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Introduction: Acid attack in women is a burning issue in the present scenario. It is the most heinous form of violence against women. This study was designed to know the victim's profile, motives behind the acid attack, and the role of restorative treatment in improving their living standards. This study also makes people aware about the program running for acid attack survivors in Uttar Pradesh. Materials and Methods: This is a retrospective observational, analytical study of acid attack victims who were admitted to the plastic surgery department between July 2012 and June 2017 following the assault, 52 cases were included in this study period. Results: Roughly more than 50% of cases recorded were <30 years of age, while the most common age group involved was 18–28 years age group. Relationship problems were the most common reason for the attack. All cases of acid attack survivors were disfigured; 78.8% were visually impaired. Bilateral blindness occurred in eight cases. A total of 65% of the victims belong to urban areas. More than 90% of cases were suffering from more than 2% burn over the face. Surgical correction was done in all cases to improve them functionally and cosmetically as far as possible. Conclusion: In spite of several laws and schemes, a continuous increase in number of acid assault in North zone of India is a matter of serious concern. Along these laws and schemes, strategies for social upliftment against orthodox culture should also be adopted.


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