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Year : 2006  |  Volume : 14  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 38-40

"Comparison of sevoflurane and halothane for induction of anaesthesia in post burn contracture neck surgeries in paediatric patients"

Department of Anesthesiology,B.j. Medical College and Civil Hospital, Ahmedabad, India

Correspondence Address:
Bhaamt S Maheshwari
43, Swapnalok Flats, Near Law Garden, Ellisbridge, Ahmedabad 380006
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

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Halothane has enjoyed popularity as the inhalational agent of choice for paediatric anaesthesia. As sevoflurane was introduced as a new volatile anaesthetic agent with rapid induction and recovery, this study was undertaken to compare induction characteristics, hemodynamic stability and conditions for endotracheal intubation using sevoflurane and halothane. 20 ASA grade I and II children between 1 - 12 years of age were randomly divided into two groups. Group-l patients were induced with halothane starting from 0.5% with gradual increment to 3%, while group II patients were induced with sevoflurane starting with 1% with increments up to 6%. Centralization of eyeballs with constriction of pupil was considered to be the end point for endotracheal intubation. Time interval from application of mask to eyeball centralization for group I was 222.83 + 50.37 seconds and group II was 178.89 + 48.1 1 seconds (P<0.05). Conditions for endotracheal intubation were found comparable in both the groups. Heart rate was better maintained with sevoflurane than the halothane (P<0.05). The incidence of excitement and adverse airway events were few in both the groups. Thus, it can be concluded that sevoflurane has a rapid and smooth induction and is a suitable alternative to halothane for inhalational anaesthesia in post burn contracture (PBC) neck surgeries in children.

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